Part 5: the Atlanteans, Chapter 19 – The Gods of Egypt
Published July 12, 2009
Temple of Ramses II in Abu Simbel
The forces of chaos could be personified by eight deities: the Ogdoad.
It consisted of four pairs of deities, each representing an aspect of the primordial state.
Noun and Naunet were the god and goddess of the primordial waters.
Kek and Keket were the gods of darkness.
Amon and Amaunet embodied the indefinable.
Heh and Hehet were endless space.
The main place of worship was called the Ogdoad Khéménou (“the City of Eight”) by the Egyptians and Hermopolis by the Greeks would have been the site of the island of the Flame, where the sun would have risen to first time.
The Ogdoad meet to shape the cosmic egg which is released on Sun God
Part of the shell of the cosmic egg was buried in a temple at Hermopolis
This looks very much like a cosmic arrival, or the sun god would come out of his spaceship …
The most detailed account of creation is the group of gods called the Nine Gods of Heliopolis or Ennead (Greek Ennea: 9).
One was Atum-Ra who was born on the hill and decided to prime the multiplicity of creation in his heart.
It was originally the first distinction between male and female: who took his seed in his mouth, he spits or sneezes creating Shu, the god of air, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture.
They explored the dark Nun, and were lost to Ra-Atum, who sent in search of them his divine eye.
His eye returned with Shu and Tefnut, and the first humans were formed by the tears shed Re-Atum, recovering her children.
Of the sexual union of Shu and Tefnut were born Geb, god of the earth, and Nut, the goddess of the sky.
They were so closely entwined that nothing could move between them.
Nut Geb was impregnated by her children but could not be born.
Their father Shu, the god of air, not end of Nut separating Geb.
Aided by eight beings called gods Heh, Chou raised the goddess of heaven above the earth, creating a space where the creatures could live and breathe
The primordial waters continued to surround the cosmos.
The Goddess of Heaven was sometimes represented as a naked woman arched over the earth, and sometimes as a cow star.
She swallowed the sun each evening and was sometimes accused of wanting to swallow all his children: Nut was then represented as a pig, a creature known to devour its own children.
Before the birth of the gods, there was an extensive aqueous and inert called Nun. The highlight was the appearance of the first land that emerged from the waters of Nun. This primeval mound allowed the first deity to come to light as a bird, hawk, heron, which landed on the mound.
The first deity enjoyed many divine powers, as Hou “speech director”, Sia “intellectual design” and Heka “magic.”
With these powers, she created order out of chaos.
The divine order was personified by the goddess Maat, the daughter of the sun god.
The word ma ‘also meant “justice”, “truth” and “harmony”.
Seeing that she was alone, the first god created the gods and men in his own image and a world they can inhabit.
The gods were born from the sweat of the sun god and human beings with tears.
In ancient Egypt, there were four main creative gods, Amun-Re, Atum, Ptah and Khnum.
The history of Egypt begins with Atum,
he creates himself out of Nun (primordial ocean).
He created Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture and cloud).
They formed the first divine couple.
Ra (the sun), jealous, asked Shou separating Geb (earth) and Nut (the sky)
Geb and Nut had two son, Osiris and Seth and two daughters, Isis and Nephthys.
Osiris, the god-king, the first pharaoh reigned with his wife Isis.
It was good and wise.
Seth, jealous, pulled into a trap and killed him.
Isis resurrected her husband with the help of Anubis (protector of the dead) and left a son Horus.
Horus overthrew Seth, ascended the throne of Egypt, and continued the work of his father.
Osiris, retiring, became the ruler of the kingdom of the dead.
The pharaoh was considered a living God and also took the name of Horus and the son of Ra, the sun god.
Horus is the falcon-god embodied by Pharaoh.
He is the son of Isis, the goddess and the god Osiris from the dead, reincarnation, but also floods and vegetation.
Osiris, represented by a mummy, Pharaoh symbolizes death.
Ra, the sun god was nevertheless subject to all the necessities inherent in the human condition.
He had clothes, perfumes, food.
He had his wardrobe, his pharmacies and kitchens, his barns, his cattle and pastures, fisheries, his servants, his Servite … etc..
He did not just tax that he paid the piety of his worshipers: huge property in Egypt and outside it provide important revenues.
He had his share of the spoils and shared with the Pharaoh all the advantages of a purely earthly domination.
Though God himself, the Pharaoh owed the utmost submission and honored in good standing of a cult in exchange for special protection.
The many scenes that illustrate the temples clearly introduce us to the reports of the god and the pharaoh.
Sometimes we see them sitting side by side on terms of near equality, but most often the god throne alone, and receives from his beloved son the gift of wine, water, milk, two crowns , the sistrum, menat collar, holy bread, etc..
The menat necklace consists of several rows of pearls and a counterweight
His ringing did sometimes use as a musical instrument in the cults associated with the dead and the dead.
The sistrum is a musical instrument consisting of a metal frame and metal rods mobile
It symbolizes the joy, it is the instrument of Hathor.
We see the king himself away roping four steers the sacrifice, he will do full as a single officiating.
Other scenes show the pharaoh we leaving for the war, meeting and defeating the enemy, and then returning triumphantly in his chariot with the heads of the vanquished to be sacrificed before the throne of God.
In all these actions, rituals or military, the pharaoh holds itself to a stage set and costume for the ceremony.
Here he wears the crown of the South, the North, moreover, the pschent klaft or, as appropriate, the crown Atef, helmet, or bare-headed.
Hieroglyphic legends accompanying these many scenes do we spend any detail: they give us the names and titles of the characters, the names of the horses they breed up words thrown in the middle of the action, orders, dialogues between the king and his officers.
The detailed account of the royal campaigns, lists of conquered peoples and paid tribute to the gods, the text of prayers and thanksgiving celebrations periodic tables, forms, and the offering of sacrifice, details of the ceremonies, is the single most important directory for the study of religion and public life of Egypt.
The journey of the dead
Just because he made the last breath, that the Egyptian goes to the state of Osiris.
The procedure in respect to that of Isis as her husband it smells in a ritual that reproduced simply the ceremony of embalming of Osiris
The mummy is enclosed in a coffin carved in the image of this god, and from that moment on, the funeral is only the representation of a mystery to many people who could be called the resurrection of Osiris.
The transfer of the mummy in the necropolis, by land or water, which is the prologue, is fictitious journey to Abydos, the tomb of Osiris.
The ceremonies of opening the mouth and eyes and the successive reconstitution of all organs and all members using formulas recited alternately various characters on the threshold of the grave and the funeral sacrifice by which end demonstrations in honor of the death scenes are all carbon copies of scenes the most typical and most popular of the Passion of Osiris, as the tradition had fixed.
Once the mummy in its tomb, to begin the Egyptian beliefs about the most diverse of his destiny.
Thus, at Thebes, the time of Ramses II, the mysterious problem of survival included all the solutions, from the earliest times, were collected in the minds of the people.
He thought at first that there is a reflection (q) of its bodily form, in its discretion may be confused with his mummy or detach.
This double kept every need and every taste of the earth.
He needed food, clothing, perfumes, servants, in a word what continue without any changes the first lifestyle.
Neglected and abandoned to itself, was sentenced to double the last of misery: he wandered at night in the middle of the road, seeking a living in filth, and came to disturb its threats selfish survivors who had forgotten.
Piety towards the double was therefore to reach first and the mummy in its own vault, complete with furniture and all objects of utility or luxury double could wish, then drop within his reach, in the chapel the tomb where he was supposed to have access, food for its daily life.
It was a very heavy tax on inheritance and replaced by the power of magic spells, and that’s herds of cattle, fields of barley represented on the walls of the chapel and mock stone or cardboard of all kinds of dishes, often the mere listing of offerings which wanted to ensure the eternal enjoyment, could the call of the dead uttered in a way as to become realities.
Everything depends of death or of his ability as a ma-kheru, just tone.
A formula decided on a false note was without effect.
It is true that it was more difficult to convert into my death-kheru than to make use of the eyes or mouth.
The same Theban, who believed in the existence of the double, could not believe that there is at least a more spiritual and soul, while the double languished in the vault, went for a far more adventurous in Douaou.
The Douaou, or Hell of the Egyptians, was the region of noon and night.
It was like a valley divided into twelve areas and reproducing more or less the appearance of the corresponding parts of the Nile.
In darkness during the day that hell lit every night to passage of the sun, except for the underground regions that corresponded to the necropolis of Memphis, which was the god Sokari underground.
All these regions were inhabited by spirits stranger than each other and feared the soul to all doors and all the passages, but the same kind of formula and the same power that ensured the life of double insurance of the trip soul to the nome of the sixth hour, where Osiris sat surrounded by his forty-two assessors.
Then had held the trial of the soul or psychostasy.
The heart weighed by the gods Horus and Anubis, dictated, as was reported heavy or light, a sentence without appeal to the god Thoth with the popular belief had a clerk for the occasion.
At the same time, the soul recite the negative confession preserved in the Book of the Dead
Recognized impure soul is mercilessly hunted, and suffers all the ills before the final destruction
Pure, it enters the region of the seventh time when the fields begin to Lalou, strange paradise where souls do not seem to enjoy a different appreciation of earthly happiness, as happiness bought by work.
They are required, in fact, till the soil, plowing, it is true, all mystical and they are getting rid of a crowd of servants they are accompanied.
These servants are none other than these figures represent an earthenware Osiris armed with a mattock, which our museums are full, and were deposited in the grave by the hundreds.
Beyond the gardens of paradise really lalu and land, there was still room for belief in immortality ethereal
Here is an excerpt from the negative confession:
“… I have not committed any fraud against the humans!
I have not tormented the widow!
I have not lied in the court!
I know of no bad faith!
I made no forbidden thing!
I did not run to one count of workers every day, more work than it should do!
I have not been negligent!
I have not been idle!
I have not wavered!
I have not fainted!
I have not done what is abominable to the gods!
I have not served the slave to his master!
I was not hungry!
I did not cry!
I have not killed him!
I have not ordered the murder by treachery!
I have committed fraud against anyone!
I have not turned the bread of the temples!
I am not distracted offering cakes of the gods!
No I have not removed the provisions or the strips of the dead!
I have done no ill-gotten gains!
I have not altered the measures of grain!
I have not defrauded of a finger on a necklace!
I have not usurped the fields!
I have not distorted the equilibrium in the balance!
I did not remove the milk from the mouths of babies!
I have not driven the cattle on their sacred grass!
I have not netted birds divine!
I have not caught the sacred fish in their ponds!
I have not pushed the water in its season!
I did not cut off an arm of water on its way!
I have not extinguished the sacred fire in his time!
I have not violated the novena of the gods in offerings chosen!
No I have not driven the cattle divine properties!
I have not pushed the god in his procession!
I am clean!
I am clean!
I am clean! ”
This massive compilation, which bears the title of Permhrou, is that Egyptologists call Ritual or Book of the Dead.
It no longer includes one hundred and sixty-five chapters.
We placed a copy more or less complete on papyrus from the mummy
We copied extensively from the walls of the corridor which put the funeral chapel in communication with the well and those of the sarcophagus.
The priests of some centers added doctrines taught in their schools.
It is the work of this kind that we have the Book of Amidouaou and the Book of Gates, infernal geography textbooks written by the priests of Thebes to guide the dead following the sun in the regions of darkness.
These kinds of books also competed in the decoration of the tomb.
The library also included funeral special treaties such as the ritual of embalming and the Book of the opening of the mouth that was not confined to consult for strict enforcement of burial practices, but they also reproduced, occasionally on the walls of the chapel or the hall.
The tribute of Atlantis
As can be seen in the texts of hieroglyphics, the chief god Ra, is the regional leader:
It receives tax pharaoh, who receives the concession Re, he was granted!
As the farmers-general of Louis XIV, they had to use extensively the way!
And the biggest tax was leaving for Atlantis to pay fees for maintenance and supply of technology that ensured their power to dominate the population and foreign peoples!
Amon-Ra, the sun god, that is to say, Atlantis, was blue, like the Indian gods …
Other Egyptian stelae are gods or pharaohs fighting against their enemies in Asia, that is to say the Edenists …