Part 5: the Atlanteans, Chapter 16 – Sumer
Published July 12, 2009
Well, now you are used:
In Sumeria, 6000 years ago, there was a population level war of fire …
The Atlanteans arrived, the submitted and transmitted the math, calendar, medicine, technology, the wheel, pottery, brick, urban planning, writing, trade, work late metals, astronomy, etc. … …
In fact here is what the scientists say:
Sumer or Shumer, refers to a region of low ancient Mesopotamia (now the southern part of Iraq) along the Persian Gulf
It gave its name to the Sumerians, a people not well known Semitic origin, who settled there in the fourth millennium
The Sumerian civilization seems to have appeared quite suddenly in Mesopotamia
Its development is characterized by the invention of writing and architecture. The appearance of this urban civilization is so sudden that the thought imported from elsewhere.
But we never found with certainty that “elsewhere”: it has been hypothesized to Iran, the island of Bahrain and even in India or East in general.
Many new arrivals of Atlantis have now been sent to Sumer
Each clan has established a town, about a dozen
Each city became a city-state at war against each other … ..
The Sumerian language can be likened to any other known language.
They could not understand it and translate it in using the language translations in other languages which we were known, a bit like the Rosetta Stone and Egyptian hieroglyphics
Thus, it is by Akkadian translations that were made in ancient Babylonia by some scholars that it became possible for students to translate the modern Sumerian.
Indeed, it was much easier to understand the Akkadian, since this language was Semitic, and therefore akin to Hebrew and Arabic
The oldest examples of Sumerian writing date from about 3000 BC
At first the Sumerian writing was more the type symbol, just as Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Gradually, the design gave way to abstraction to give the cuneiform, which since has become in the minds of many people synonymous with Sumerian
The name cuneiform means “wedge-shaped” from Latin cuneus
The cuneiform writing was mainly with a reed pen on clay tablets
Later, the scribes abridged, and simplifièrent stylisèrent signs-drawings, which, over generations, resulting in the combination of abstract impressions cuneiform Sumerian cuneiform writing was born!
With this simplification of writing and its development towards speed, flexibility and streamlining the content of written Sumerian naturally become more complex and led to the emergence of historical writings.
The use of writing leads to a complex organization of society.
It is administered, so meticulous and fussy, a priestly and monarchical state ruled by a king (lugal “big man”) or a prince (ensi once read pasta).
Sumerian religion has influenced the whole of Mesopotamia for about 3000 years. It is a very important part of life, private and public, the Sumerians and gives rise to artistic performances as literary works.
Sumerian religion is characterized by its polytheism
Its pantheon has a wide variety of gods, structured in a strict hierarchy, modeled on human society.
At the top is the cosmic triad consists of:
Year (“sky-god”), possessor of heaven, king of the gods, and his consort Antum;
Enlil (“lord-air”), master of the earth, demiurge, patron god of Nippur, and his consort Ninlil;
Enki (“Lord-earth”), Ea for the Semites, master of freshwater, which is the holy city Eridu.
Under this triad are the astral deities such as moon god Nanna (in Akkadian Sin) and the sun god Utu (Shamash in Akkadian)
Then the infernal gods and the gods warriors
Then the gods of nature and healing gods
Then the gods techniques (pick, brick mold, etc.).
And finally the spirits and demons.
The history of Sumer
And yes, it’s the story this time and not the legend, for in addition to the writings that we possess, the Sumerian cities have been many very extensive archaeological excavations
Archaeologists have discovered the tablets (pictographic) in the basement of the temple of the goddess Inanna, goddess of love and war, Uruk
In recent tablets written in Sumerian is the oldest written records of humanity
The city-states of Sumer are continuing to fight them.
The country was not a unified kingdom, but a collection of rival city-states and independent (a dozen in southern Mesopotamia), forming kingdoms according alliances and conquests.
This conglomeration of city-states did not favor the emergence of capital as the precise center of power moved constantly.
The cities of Uruk, Ur, Eridu, Nippur, Lagash and Kisch were the most important.
Our (Ur) was the main city around 3000 BC and was the capital of Sumer in
the III dynasty.
The history of Sumerian is known from the List
This list details all the rulers with their name, the length of their reign and possibly a comment
I think the first two dynasties affect their journey through space to come to the land given the lengths of reigns:
43,200 to 18,600 years for the 1st year dynasty, is 241,200 years to eight kings!
140 years to 1,500 years for the 2nd dynasty, or 16,780 years for 22 kings!
3rd Dynasty of Uruk
This dynasty is the arrival of Atlantis in Sumer and power in Uruk around 6000 years ago
Mesh-ki-ang-Gasher of E-ana, son of Utu: 324 years Mesh-ki-ang-Gasher advanced far into the sea and disappeared.
Enmerkar, who founded Unug: 420 years
Lugalbanda Unug of the shepherd: 1200 years
Dumuzid Unug of the fisherman: 100 years. Captured in a-Me-If-Barage Kish.
Gilgamesh, lord of Kulaba: 126 years.
Ur-Nungal of Unug: 30 years
Udul-Unug of Kalama: 15 years
A-Ba’shum of Unug: 9 years
In-Nun-Tarah-Ana de Unug: 8 years
Mesh-He of Unug: 36 years
Melem-Ana de Unug: 6 years
Lugal-Kitun of Unug: 36 years
Then Unug (Uruk) was defeated and the kingship passed to Urim (Ur)
From the 3rd dynasty, the power went first to Uruk and Ur, then Arwan, then Kish, then Hamazi, then Uruk and Ur, Adab and then and then Mari, then Kish, then Akshar, then Kish, Uruk and finally to
Note that the transfer of power in the region was the result of wars and conspiracies and that the city state winner who took control (temporary?) Of the kingdom of Sumer!
Uruk, Sumerian city-state last lost control of the region around 2235 BC to the benefit of the Akkadian
The Akkadian empire is ruled by Sargon, the first emperor, whose father was a gardener, cupbearer of Ur-Zababa
The succession of Sumerian
After the Sumerians, the region was conquered by the Akkadians in -2235 (Sargon)
After the Akkadian, the region was conquered by the Chaldeans in -2000 (Hammurabi)
After the Chaldeans, the region was conquered by the Hittites in -1595 (Mursili)
After the Hittites, the region was conquered by the Assyrians in -1274 (Assurbanipal)
After the Assyrians, the region was conquered by the Babylonians in -615 (Nebuchadnezzar II)
After the Babylonians, the region was conquered by the Persians in -539 (Cyrus the Great)
After the Persians, the region was conquered by the Macedonian -331 (Alexander the Great)
After the Macedonian and the death of Alexander the Great, the region was conquered by the Arabs from -323
The region will regain its radiation than under the Abbasid, when in 762, the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mansur founded Baghdad (Baghdad means the city of peace … … ..)
The rulers mentioned in brackets may not be the first of their dynasty, but are the most prominent of the reigning dynasty
We now know that the origin of the beer is very old.
We must go back to Ur, Lagash and Kish …
Documents the farthest that we know have indeed been exhumed from the sands of Sumer
Mesopotamia is the land of barley, beer and the sesame oil
The Mésopatamie the country “of the two rivers” as the name literally means, is located south of the mountains of Kurdistan.
This is the “fertile crescent”, as the Greek Strabo called stretching there, plain of the Tigris to the Euphrates plains
Not far from Assur, archaeologists discovered the site of Jarmo, a village of old farmers around 7000 years.
These farmers were using the first ages of stone vessels, pottery shaped bowls, tools of flint and obsidian, millstones of granite and brick kilns.
He sowed barley and two species of wheat … The conditions and the technical means were therefore present for “beer” can be manufactured.
In the desert sand, excavations have unearthed the oldest archival documents in the history of mankind.
The “monument Blau”, named after its discoverer, consists of a pair of clay tablets dating from 3000 to 2800 BC (now in the British Museum).
It shows a procession of burned offerings of beverages and other eatables advancing to the goddess Nin Harra.
And drink what is it? Of beer.
Indeed, it is beer that is referred to kids between 10 and measures of grain. Other documents as obvious have definitely established the existence, at that time, a fermented drink made from grain, Sikaru, and revealed the economic importance of industry and commerce whose “beer” was already the subject
From the book of Sylvie Girard: A Guide to the beer and its sidelines
Fragments of an epic text, found on the site of the former Meturan (modern Tell Haddad) inform us that at his death, Gilgamesh was buried under the waters of a river.
The people of Uruk diverted would the waves of the Euphrates through the city in order to bury the deceased king in his very bed.
In Iraq, archaeologists believe they have found the lost tomb of King Gilgamesh – the subject of “book” the oldest in history, written 4500 years ago.
In April 2003 a German expedition has discovered what is believed to be the site of the entire city of Uruk – including, the final resting place of its famous King.
“I can not say that it is the tomb of King Gilgamesh, but it is very similar to that described in the epic,” Jorg Fassbinder said, the Bavarian department of Historical Monuments in Munich
“We found just outside the city in the middle of the old course of the Euphrates, the remains of a building that could be interpreted as a tomb,” he added.
This amazing discovery of the ancient city under the Iraqi desert was made possible by modern technology.
By observing the differences in magnetization between the bricks and sediments, there may be underground.
The magnetogram then gives a detailed plan of the city.
What is surprising is that we found structures already described in the Epic (gardens, houses of Babylonian type, etc.).
But the most surprising discovery is an incredibly sophisticated system of canals (Uruk the archaeologists have compared to a “Venice in the desert”).
Despite the lack of direct evidence, most historians do not deny the historical character of Gilgamesh.
In addition to the List royal inscriptions were found confirming the existence of other characters associated with it: the kings Enmebaragesi and Agga of Kish.
If Gilgamesh was a historical king, he probably reigned around 2650 BC. AD
And legends in all this?
I have not forgotten, rest assured, especially their involvement with the Atlanteans, their civilization and their techniques are evident
So after this chapter rather historic, they are part of the next chapter … ….
Just a little patience … .. thank you … … ..